Sintra-Cascais Natural Park

The Sintra-Cascais Natural Park was created in March 1994 by reclassification of the previous status of Sintra-Cascais Protected Landscape Area. Covering an area parallel to the coastal strip that extends from Cascais Citadel to the outfall of Falcão River, to Sintra’s Mountain and to the north of Várzea de Colares agricultural area, having as primary aim protecting the natural and landscape resources, particularly its flora and fauna.

Parque Natural

The park is as if divided into two separate areas: the agricultural area which produces mainly fruit, wine and horticultural products, and the coastal area, with beaches, cliffs and dunes. Magoito’s surrounding area reflects perfectly the symbiosis between the eminently pine-wood area, agriculture and the beach with its fossil dunes.

The park features a stunning diversity of environments and landscapes, including forests, lagoons, sand-dunes, a rugged coast line where high cliffs are intersected by lovely beaches, the imposing Cabo da Roca and, in the centre, the magnificent Sintra’s Mountain and all the area classified by UNESCO as a cultural landscape, heritage of mankind.

In the Park thrives various species of oak, eucalypt and pine trees and all the Sintra’s Mountain luxuriant vegetation, proper of the existing microclimate. In terms of wildlife, the park has birds of prey such as hawks, owls and sparrow-hawks as well as sea gulls and sparrows. There are also several species of reptiles and amphibians such as frogs and salamanders, and, of course, different mammal species such as wild rabbits, foxes, moles and hedgehogs.

Unusually near to a large city like Lisbon, Sintra-Cascais Natural Park managed to preserve the whole environment of the westernmost point of continental Europe (Cabo da Roca) and to harmoniously coexist nature and human presence in a territory desired for construction, economic and touristic development.